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French, Cajun

A language of United States

ISO 639-3frc

Population  17,200 (2000 census), decreasing.
Region  Southern Louisiana west of the Mississippi as far north as Avoyelles, Evangeline, Allen, and Calcasieu parishes.
Language map  Southeastern United States of America
Alternate names   Acadian, Cadien, Cajan, Cajun, Français Acadien
Dialects  Marsh French, Prairie French, Big Woods French. Ancestors came from French Canada in the 18th century. Reportedly Cajun speakers can partially understand Standard French. Different from the variety of ‘Broken French’ used by 8,000 African Americans, or ‘Napoleanic Era French’.
Classification  Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French
Language use  Mainly older adults. Also use English.
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: 60% English, 0% French. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar.
Comments  Textbooks on Cajun, translations of some classics. Fishermen; fur trappers. Christian.
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