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Kiribati

A language of Kiribati

ISO 639-3gil

Population  58,300 in Kiribati (1987). Population total all countries: 71,550.
Region  Also in Fiji, Nauru, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, United States, Vanuatu.
Alternate names   Gilbertese, I-Kiribati, Ikiribati
Dialects  Banaban. North-south dialect Division. In Tuvalu, Nui inherently intelligible with Kiribati, but has vocabulary and pronunciation differences. Lexical similarity: 26% with Pohnapeian [pon].
Classification  Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ikiribati
Language use  National language. Vigorous. Some also use English.
Language development  Most are literate in Kiribati, but little material is available. Dictionary. Bible: 1893–1954.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  Language and speakers called ‘I-Kiribati’. VOS. Fishermen; sailors; agriculturalists; copra production. Christian.

Also spoken in:

Fiji

Language name   Kiribati
Population  5,300 in Fiji (1988). 3,000 or more Banaban.
Alternate names  Gilbertese, Ikiribati
Dialects  Banaban.
Comments  Christian.
 

Solomon Islands

Language name   Kiribati
Population  4,870 in Solomon Islands (1999 SIL).
Region  Gizo Island, 1 area; Choiseul Island, 1 area; Honiara, Guadalcanal.
Language map  Solomon Islands
Alternate names  Gilbertese, Ikiribati
Comments  Relocated by the British in the 1950s from Kiribati. Christian.
 

Tuvalu

Language name   Kiribati
Population  870 in Tuvalu (1987).
Region  Nui, a northern island.
Alternate names  Gilbertese, Ikiribati
Dialects  Nui (Nuian).
Language use  Vigorous. A part of Tuvalu culture.
Comments  Christian.
 

United States

Language name   Kiribati
Population  140 in United States (2000 census).
Region  Hawai’i.
Alternate names  Gilbertese, Ikiribati
 
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