||250,000 (2000). 7,000 to 10,000 monolinguals. 10,000 in New York City (Holm 1989). Ethnic population: 250,000.
||Coastal region from Jacksonville, North Carolina to Jacksonville, Florida; Sea Islands off Georgia coast; New York City, Detroit.
Southeastern United States of America
||Intelligibility with other English-based creoles is undetermined. Similar to Bahamas Creole English [bah] and Afro-Seminole [afs]. Lexical similarity: 90% with Afro-Seminole [afs].
||Creole, English based, Atlantic, Eastern, Northern
||Vigorous. Barely understandable with Standard English. Government bilingual education program begun.
||Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Dictionary. NT: 2005.
||Linguistic influences from Fula [fub], Mende [men], upper Guinea coast, Gambia River area (Hancock 1987). Agriculturalists: rice, cotton.