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Sea Island Creole English

A language of United States

ISO 639-3gul

Population  250,000 (2000). 7,000 to 10,000 monolinguals. 10,000 in New York City (Holm 1989). Ethnic population: 250,000.
Region  Coastal region from Jacksonville, North Carolina to Jacksonville, Florida; Sea Islands off Georgia coast; New York City, Detroit.
Language map  Southeastern United States of America
Alternate names   Geechee, Gullah
Dialects  Intelligibility with other English-based creoles is undetermined. Similar to Bahamas Creole English [bah] and Afro-Seminole [afs]. Lexical similarity: 90% with Afro-Seminole [afs].
Classification  Creole, English based, Atlantic, Eastern, Northern
Language use  Vigorous. Barely understandable with Standard English. Government bilingual education program begun.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Dictionary. NT: 2005.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  Linguistic influences from Fula [fub], Mende [men], upper Guinea coast, Gambia River area (Hancock 1987). Agriculturalists: rice, cotton.