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Gurani

A language of Iraq

ISO 639-3hac

Population  21,100 in Iraq (2000). Several hundred thousand for Gurani speakers in both Iraq and Iran (Blau 1989). Population total all countries: 44,000.
Region  Near Halabja, east of Suleimaniye, Topzawa near Tawuq, pockets from Mosul to Khanaqin. Also in Iran.
Language map  Iraq
Alternate names   Gorani, Hawramani, Hawrami, Hewrami, Macho
Dialects  The Zaza-Gurani group includes Dimli [diq] (Zaza) (Turkey), and Gurani [hac], Bajelani [bjm] (Bajalani), Shabak [sdb], and Sarli [sdf] (Iraq); Hawrami [hac] (Iran).
Classification  Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Zaza-Gorani
Language use  Some also use Central Kurdish [ckb] (Sorani) or Arabic.
Writing system  Arabic script.
Comments  Very old literary tradition. Muslim, Ahl-e Haq.

Also spoken in:

Iran

Language name   Hawrami
Population  22,900 in Iran (2000). For all speakers of Gurani group, several million; Hawrami dialect: 20,000 (Blau 1989).
Region  West Kordestan Province, near Iraqi border, Hewraman, east of Sanandaj, also north of Kermanshah.
Alternate names  Awromani, Gorani, Gurani, Hawramani, Hewrami, Howrami
Dialects  Kakai (Macho), Hawraman-I Luhon, Hawraman-I Taxt, Kandula, Gawhara, Gurani (Gorani).
Language use  Also use Farsi [pes] or Central Kurdish [ckb].
Comments  Muslim, Ahl-e Haqq.
 
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