||60,000 (Karotemprel 1998). Population total all countries: 68,000.
||Meghalaya, West Garo Hills District, western side, West and East Khasi Hills; Assam, Goalpara, Nagaon districts; Arunachal Pradesh; West Bengal. Also in Bangladesh.
||Banai, Dalu. No prestige or standard dialect recognized. Bhunjia [bhu] and Kawari considered more divergent dialects. Reportedly a creole language. Grierson (1903–1928) called it a dialect of Marathi [mar] for convenience, but noted similarities to Bhatri [bgw], a dialect of Oriya [ori]. Halbi [hlb] intelligible only with difficulty. Intelligible with Hajong of Bangladesh. Lexical similarity: 82%–91% between Banai dialect of Koch [kdq] and mainstream Hajong varieties; 74%–77% between Dalu dialect and mainstream Hajong varieties; 79% between Banai dialect of Koch [kdq] and Dalu; 54%–64% with Assamese [asm]; 63%–67% with Bengali [ben]; 74%–85% with Hajong of Bangladesh.
||Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Eastern zone, Bengali-Assamese
||Vigorous. All domains. Positive attitude. Also use Garo [grt], Assamese [asm], or Bengali [ben].
||Literacy rate in L2: 20–25%; 48% for Meghalaya. Radio programs. TV.
||Bengali script. Latin script, used in India.
||A Scheduled Tribe. Jharua may be an alternate name. Though linguistically different, the Banai affiliate themselves with the Koch. Agriculturalists. Traditional religion, Hindu.