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A language of Haiti

ISO 639-3hat

Population  6,960,000 in Haiti (2001). Population total all countries: 7,701,640.
Region  Widespread. Also in Bahamas, Canada, Cayman Islands, Dominican Republic, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Puerto Rico, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States.
Language map  Creole Languages of the Northern Caribbean
Alternate names   Creole, Haitian Creole
Dialects  Fablas, Plateau Haitian Creole. Linguistic influences from Wolof [wol] (Benjamin 1956), Fon [fon], and Éwé [ewe] (C. Lefebvre) of West Africa.
Classification  Creole, French based
Language use  Official language. Vigorous. Also use French.
Language development  Newspapers. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1985.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  In 1961 granted legal and educational status in Haiti. A growing literature, including poetry. Lower social status than Standard French. SVO; prepositions; articles after noun heads.

Also spoken in:

Dominican Republic

Language name   Haitian
Population  159,000 in Dominican Republic (1987).
Language map 
Alternate names  Creole, Haitian Creole


Language name   Haitian
Population  12,000 in Guadeloupe (2004).
Region  St. Maarten, St. Barths, and Guadeloupe.
Alternate names  Creole, Haitian Creole