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Hausa

A language of Nigeria

ISO 639-3hau

Population  18,500,000 in Nigeria (1991 SIL). Population total all countries: 24,988,000.
Region  Sokoto, Kaduna, Katsina, Kano, Bauchi, Jigawa, Zamfara, Kebbi, and Gombe states. Spoken as L2 in north. Also in Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Germany, Ghana, Niger, Sudan, Togo.
Language maps  Nigeria, Map 1, reference number 1
Nigeria, Map 2, reference number 1
Nigeria, Map 3, reference number 1
Nigeria, Map 4, reference number 1
Nigeria, Map 7, reference number 1
Alternate names   Abakwariga, Habe, Haoussa, Hausawa, Kado, Mgbakpa
Dialects  Kano, Katagum, Hadejiya, Sokoto, Gobirawa, Adarawa, Kebbawa, Zamfarawa, Katsina, Arewa. Barikanchi is a Hausa pidgin used in military barracks. There is a pidgin or market Hausa. Subdialects of Eastern Hausa: Kano, Katagum, Hadejiya; of Western Hausa: Sokoto, Katsina, Gobirawa, Adarawa, Kebbawa, Zamfarawa; of North Hausa: Arewa, Arawa. Abakwariga is a subgroup.
Classification  Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, West, A, A.1
Language use  Official language in northern region. Trade language. 15,000,000 L2 speakers.
Language development  Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1932–1996.
Writing system  Arabic script, Ajami style. Latin script.
Comments  Official regional language in the north. SVO. Muslim, traditional religion (Maguzawa), Christian.

Also spoken in:

Benin

Language name   Hausa
Population  800,000 in Benin (2006).
Region  Atacora and Borgou provinces, mainly larger towns and market villages.
Language use  Trade language.
Comments  Muslim, traditional religion, Christian.
 

Burkina Faso

Language name   Hausa
Population  500 in Burkina Faso (Vanderaa 1991).
Region  Boulgou and Gourma provinces.
Language map  Burkina Faso, reference number 15
Alternate names  Haoussa
Comments  Muslim.
 

Cameroon

Language name   Hausa
Population  23,500 in Cameroon (1982 SIL).
Region  Widespread.
Alternate names  Haoussa, Hawsa
Comments  Muslim.
 

Ghana

Language name   Hausa
Language use  Trade language in North.
Comments  Muslim.
 

Niger

Language name   Hausa
Population  5,460,000 in Niger (2006).
Region  Central, along Nigeria border; widespread in cities.
Language maps  Niger
Niger
Alternate names  Haoussa, Hausawa, Haussa
Dialects  Dawra, Katsina, Damagaram, Gobirawa, Aderawa, Arewa, Kurfey, Gaya.
Language use  Language of wider communication. Used by 55% of the population as L1, by 25% as L2. The main trade language of Niger.
Language development  Taught in primary schools.
Comments  Muslim.
 

Sudan

Language name   Hausa
Population  80,000 in Sudan (2007).
Region  North.
Language use  Trade language.