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Hindi, Fiji

A language of Fiji

ISO 639-3hif

Population  380,000 in Fiji (1991 UBS).
Region  Also in Australia, United States.
Alternate names   “Fijian Hindi” , “Fijian Hindustani” , Fiji Hindustani
Dialects  No significant regional variation. A type of Awadhi [awa], also influenced by Bhojpuri [bho].
Classification  Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, East Central zone
Language use  Official language. Used by all of Indian ancestry in Fiji, including ethnic Tamil (6,663), Gujarati (6,203), Urdu, Telugu (2,008), Gurmukhi (Panjabi, 1,167), Bengali (17,875), Malayalam. A small Gujarati community speak Gujarati at home, and a few others, mainly older people, speak their heritage languages.
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: 85%. Newspapers. Radio programs. Bible portions.
Comments  Brought by British as indentured laborers from 1879 until 1920s. SOV; verb conjugations have been simplified from Standard Hindi. Agriculturalists: sugarcane, rice, vegetables; shopkeepers, small businessmen; professional people. Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Sikh.
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