A language of Fiji
ISO 639-3: hif
||380,000 in Fiji (1991 UBS).
||Also in Australia, United States.
||“Fijian Hindi” , “Fijian Hindustani” , Fiji Hindustani
||No significant regional variation. A type of Awadhi [awa], also influenced by Bhojpuri [bho].
||Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, East Central zone
||Official language. Used by all of Indian ancestry in Fiji, including ethnic Tamil (6,663), Gujarati (6,203), Urdu, Telugu (2,008), Gurmukhi (Panjabi, 1,167), Bengali (17,875), Malayalam. A small Gujarati community speak Gujarati at home, and a few others, mainly older people, speak their heritage languages.
||Literacy rate in L2: 85%. Newspapers. Radio programs. Bible portions.
||Brought by British as indentured laborers from 1879 until 1920s. SOV; verb conjugations have been simplified from Standard Hindi. Agriculturalists: sugarcane, rice, vegetables; shopkeepers, small businessmen; professional people. Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Sikh.