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A language of India

ISO 639-3hin

Population  180,000,000 in India (1991 UBS). Population total all countries: 181,676,620.
Region  Throughout north India: Delhi; Uttar Pradesh; Uttarakhand; Rajasthan; Punjab; Madhya Pradesh; northern Bihar; Himachal Pradesh. Also in Bangladesh, Belize, Bhutan, Botswana, Canada, Djibouti, Germany, Kenya, Nepal, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, South Africa, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Yemen, Zambia.
Alternate names   Khadi Boli, Khari Boli
Dialects  Formal vocabulary borrowed from Sanskrit, de-Persianized, de-Arabicized. Literary Hindi, or Hindi-Urdu, has 4 varieties: Hindi (High Hindi, Nagari Hindi, Literary Hindi, Standard Hindi); Urdu; Dakhini; Rekhta. “Hindustani”, though not listed separately in India, refers here to the unofficial lingua franca of northwest India. Has a lexical mixture in varying proportions of Hindi (vocabulary derived from Sanskrit) and Urdu (vocabulary derived from Persian or Arabic).
Classification  Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Western Hindi, Hindustani
Language use  Official language. 120,000,000 L2 speakers (Wiesenfeld 1999).
Language development  Fully developed. Bible: 1818–2000.
Writing system  Devanagari script.
Comments  Hindi, Hindustani, Urdu could be considered co-dialects, but have important sociolinguistic differences. SOV. Hindu.

Also spoken in:


Language name   Hindi
Population  106,000 in Nepal (2001 census).
Region  South strip of low country.
Language map  Western Nepal, reference number 39
Language use  Language of wider communication. 489,578 L2 speakers in Nepal (1991 census).
Comments  Hindu.

South Africa

Language name   Hindi
Population  361,000 in South Africa (2003).
Region  Mainly Natal.
Comments  Has features of Bhojpuri [bho] in South Africa. Hindu.


Language name   Hindi
Population  2,200 in Uganda (1994).
Comments  Migrated to Uganda in the early 20th century. Hindu.