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Hindustani, Caribbean

A language of Suriname

ISO 639-3hns

Population  150,000 in Suriname (1986). Population total all countries: 165,600.
Region  Coastal region. Also in Guyana, Netherlands, Trinidad and Tobago.
Dialects  Trinidad Bhojpuri, Sarnami Hindustani (Sarnami Hindi, Aili Gaili). More similar to Bhojpuri [bho] than to Hindi. Similar dialect to Trinidad-Tobago.
Classification  Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Eastern zone, Bihari
Language use  Monolinguals. All domains. All ages. Positive attitude. Also use Sranan [srn] or Dutch [nld].
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. NT: 1997.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  Based on Bhojpuri, with influences from Awadhi, with loans from Sranan, Dutch, and English. Hindu, Muslim.

Also spoken in:


Language name   Hindustani, Caribbean
Population  Ethnic population: 538,500 in Guyana.
Alternate names  Aili Gaili
Language use  Only a few older people of Guyanese origin in Guyana. Speakers nearer Georgetown use a more standard English than Guyanese Creole English. A few also use Hindi for religious purposes.
Comments  Agriculturalists. Hindu.

Trinidad and Tobago

Language name   Hindustani, Caribbean
Population  15,600 in Trinidad and Tobago (1996). Ethnic population: East Indians are 41% of the population.
Alternate names  Trinidad Bhojpuri
Language use  Older adults. 90% or more Hindustanis reportedly speak English or Trinidadian Creole English [trf] as L1.
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: 70%.
Comments  Hindu, Muslim, Christian.