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Armenian

A language of Armenia

ISO 639-3hye

Population  3,140,000 in Armenia (2001 census). Population total all countries: 6,376,520.
Region  Widespread. Also in Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Egypt, Estonia, France, Georgia, Greece, Honduras, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Palestinian West Bank and Gaza, Romania, Russian Federation (Europe), Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey (Europe), Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United States, Uzbekistan.
Alternate names   Armjanski Yazyk, Ena, Ermeni Dili, Ermenice, Haieren, Somkhuri
Dialects  Eastern Armenian, Erevan (Eriwan), Tbilisi (Tiflis), Karabagh, Shamakhi (Schamachi), Astrakhan (Astrachan), Dzhulfa (Dschugha, Dschulfa), Agulis, Khvoy-Salmst (Choi-Salmst), Urmia-Maragheh (Urmia-Maragha), Artvin (Artwin), Karin (Erzurum, Erzerum), Mus (Musch), Van (Wan), Tigranakert (Diyarbakir, Diarbekir), Kharberd (Charberd, Erzincan, Erzenka), Shabin-Karahissar (Schabin-Karahissar), Trabzon (Trapezunt), Hamshen (Hamschen), Malatya (Malatia), Kilikien, Syria (Syrien), Arabkir, Ararat, Akn, Sebaste, Ewdokia (Tokat), Smyrna (Izmir), North Komedia, Constantinople (Konstantinopel, Istanbul), Rodosto, Crimea (Krim), Ashkharik. Dialects in all countries reportedly inherently intelligible. Eastern Armenian (4,341,000) in Armenia and its Turkish and Iranian borderlands; Western Armenian (879,612) used elsewhere and only understood by some in Iran. In Syria, people in Kessaberen (northeastern mountain village of Kessab) and Musa Dagh village (now relocated to Lebanon) speak related varieties which other Western Armenian speakers do not understand. Most Kessaberen users now learn Western Armenian. Western (Turkish) Armenian and Ararat (Russian) are easily intelligible.
Classification  Indo-European, Armenian
Language use  National language. 91% of the ethnic group in former USSR spoke it as L1 (1979 census). All ages. Also use Russian.
Language development  Fully developed. Bible: 1883–1994.
Writing system  Armenian script.
Comments  Users refer to it as Haieren. SVO. Christian.

Also spoken in:

Azerbaijan

Language name   Armenian
Population  152,000 in Azerbaijan.
Region  Nagorno-Karabakh region.
Language map  Azerbaijan
Alternate names  Armjanski, Ermenice, Haieren, Somkhuri
Dialects  Western Armenian.
Comments  Christian, Monophysite.
 

Cyprus

Language name   Armenian
Population  2,740 in Cyprus (1987).
Alternate names  Armjanski, Ermenice, Haieren, Somkhuri
Dialects  Western Armenian.
Language use  Most also use Greek [ell]. Elderly also use Turkish [tur].
Comments  Urban population. Christian.
 

Hungary

Language name   Armenian
Population  290 in Hungary (2001 census).
 

Iran

Language name   Armenian
Population  171,000 in Iran (1993).
Region  Northern Iran, Azerbaijan provinces, Khoi, Shahpur, Ahar, Tabriz, Tehran, Esfahan, Shiraz areas.
Alternate names  Armani, Armjanski, Erâmani, Ermenice, Haieren, Somekhuri
Dialects  Eastern Armenian, Agulis, Astrakhân, Jolfâ (Dzhulfa), Karabagh Shamakhi, Khoi-Salmst (Khvoy), Urmia-Maragheh.
Language use  Vigorous. Home, church, school. All ages. Also use Western Farsi [pes] or South Azerbaijani [azb].
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: 80%. Taught in Armenian private schools.
Comments  Merchants. Christian.
 

Iraq

Language name   Armenian
Population  60,000 in Iraq.
Dialects  Western Armenian.
Comments  Christian.
 

Israel

Language name   Armenian
Population  3,000 in Israel (1971).
Region  Jerusalem.
Alternate names  Armjanski, Ermenice, Haieren, Somkhuri
Dialects  Western Armenian.
Language use  Also use South Levantine Arabic [ajp].
Comments  The Eastern Armenian dialect of Armenian [hye] is spoken in Armenia, Turkey, and Iran; the Western dialect of Armenian [hye] in other countries, including Israel. Christian.
 

Jordan

Language name   Armenian
Population  8,000 in Jordan (1971).
Language map 
Dialects  Western Armenian.
Comments  Christian.
 

Lebanon

Language name   Armenian
Population  235,000 in Lebanon (1986).
Alternate names  Armanski, Ermenice, Haieren, Somkhuri
Dialects  Western Armenian.
Language use  Language of wider communication.
Comments  ‘Haieren’ is their self name. Christian.
 

Syria

Language name   Armenian
Population  320,000 in Syria (1993).
Language map  Jordan and Syria
Alternate names  Armjanski, Ermenice, Haieren, Somkhuri
Dialects  Western Armenian.
Language use  Language of wider communication.
Comments  Christian.
 

Turkey (Europe)

Language name   Armenian
Population  40,000 in Turkey (1980). 1,022 monolinguals (1965 census). Ethnic population: 70,000 in Turkey (1980).
Region  Many in Istanbul; and scattered in east Turkey. The Hemshin (Hamshen) are Armenian Muslims, living near the Laz [lzz].
Alternate names  Armjanski, Ermenice, Haieren, Somkhuri
Dialects  Eastern Armenian.
Language use  Also use Turkish [tur].
Comments  Christian.
 
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