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Iquito

A language of Peru

ISO 639-3iqu

Population  35 (2002 SIL), decreasing. 1 monolingual. Ethnic population: 500.
Region  Loreto Province, Pintoyacu, Nanay, and Chambira rivers; San Antonia and Atalaya.
Language map  Peru, reference number 40
Alternate names   Amacacore, Hamacore, Ikito, Iquita, Puca-Uma, Quiturran
Dialects  Pintuyacu. Similar to Cahuarano [cah].
Classification  Zaparoan
Language use  Official language. Older adults. Negative language attitude. Also use Spanish.
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: 75%. Bible portions: 1963.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  By 1958–1966 they had 100 speakers on the verge of extinction and acculturation to Spanish-speaking society. Children understood but did not speak Iquito [iqu], adults were bilingual with Spanish, older people understood Spanish, but only spoke Iquito. Speakers died from measles, whooping cough, and pneumonia. The rubber boom and landowner (patron) system had devastating effects. Swidden agriculturalists: yucca; fishermen; hunters; chicle and rubber gatherers; traders. Christian. Nearly extinct.