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Javanese

A language of Indonesia (Java and Bali)

ISO 639-3jav

Population  84,300,000 in Indonesia (2000 census). 25,000 in south Sulawesi, and 69,000,000 on Java, 500,000 of them being in Banten region and 2,500,000 in Cirebon region of Java. Population total all countries: 84,608,470.
Region  Central Java, east third of west Java, southwest half of east Java. Resettlements in Papua, Sulawesi, Maluku, Kalimantan, and Sumatra. Also in Malaysia (Sabah), Netherlands, Singapore, United States.
Language maps  Indonesia, Java and Bali
Alternate names   Djawa, Jawa
Dialects  Jawa Halus, Cirebon (Tjirebon, Cheribon), Tegal, Indramayu, Solo, Tembung, Pasisir, Surabaya, Malang-Pasuruan, Banten, Manuk, Banten, Cirebon, Tegal, Solo, Surabaya, Malang-Pasuruan. High Javanese (Jawa Halus) is the language of religion, but the number of people that can use that variety is mostly limited to Central Javanese speakers and diminishing. The Javanese varieties in Suriname and in New Caledonia have changed sufficiently to be only partially intelligible with difficulty. Javanese in New Caledonia are reported to not be able to use High Javanese (Koentjaraninggrat 1971). Several dialects in Sabah.
Classification  Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Javanese
Language development  Fully developed. Bible: 1854–1994.
Writing system  Javanese script. Latin script.
Comments  SVO. Muslim, Christian.

Also spoken in:

Malaysia (Sabah)

Language name   Javanese
Population  300,000 in Malaysia (Wurm and Hattori 1981).
Alternate names  Jawa
 

Singapore

Language name   Javanese
Population  800 in Singapore (1985). Ethnic population: 21,230.
Alternate names  Djawa, Jawa
Comments  Muslim.
 

United States

Language name   Javanese
Population  170 in United States (2000 census).
Alternate names  Djawa, Jawa