Ethnologue.com home
Ethnologue > Web version > Country index > Asia > Russian Federation (Asia) > Khanty

Khanty

A language of Russian Federation (Asia)

ISO 639-3kca

Population  13,600. Ethnic population: 28,678.
Region  Khanty-Mansi National Okrug; east past the Mansi [mns], along Ob River.
Language map  Western Asian Russia, reference number 17
Alternate names   Hanty, Khant, Khanti, Ostyak, Xanty
Dialects  Northern Khanti, Eastern Khanti, Southern Khanti, Vach (Vasyugan). Intelligibility difficult between geographically distant dialects. 3 dialect groups; Vach ‘archaic’. Dialect used in writing rejected by many speakers.
Classification  Uralic
Language use  Northern Khanty has 9,000 speakers out of 15,000; Eastern has 3,000 out of 5,000; Southern has few or none out of 1,000. Few domains. Used by few children. Positive attitude. Some also use Russian.
Language development  Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 2007.
Writing system  Cyrillic script.
Comments  Hunters; fishermen; animal husbandry: cattle. Traditional religion.
Contact us