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Kanum, Ngkâlmpw

A language of Indonesia (Papua)

ISO 639-3kcd

Population  150 (1996 M. Donohue).
Region  South coast border area, east of Merauke, southeast of Marind [mrz], north and west of Smärky Kanum [kxq], Yanggandur, Tomer, Onggaya villages.
Language map  Indonesia, Eastern Papua, reference number 269
Alternate names   Enkelembu, Kenume, Knwne
Dialects  Kanum varieties are separate languages, with difficult mutual intelligibility. Similar to Yei [jei]. Has also been classified as Australian, Pama-Nyungan.
Classification  South-Central Papuan, Morehead-Upper Maro, Tonda
Language use  Home, hunting camps. All ages. Also use Morori [mok] or Indonesian [ind].
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: 5%.
Comments  One ethnic group with Kanum varieties. Clan marriages common, and much ritual exchange. Fishermen; agriculturalists. Christian.