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Mongolian, Halh

A language of Mongolia

ISO 639-3khk
This ISO 639-3 code has undergone change through the merging of one or more retired code elements. For more information, see the code change history documentation.

Population  2,330,000 in Mongolia (1995). 32,300 Dariganga. Population total all countries: 2,341,240.
Region  Former Buryat Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of the Russian Federation and Issyk-Kul Oblast of Kyrgyzstan. Also in Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation (Asia), Taiwan, United States.
Alternate names   Central Mongolian, Halh, Khalkha Mongolian, Mongol
Dialects  Halh (Khalkha), Dariganga, Khotogoit, Sartul, Tsongol.
Classification  Altaic, Mongolic, Eastern, Oirat-Khalkha, Khalkha-Buriat, Mongolian Proper
A member of macrolanguage Mongolian [mon] (Mongolia).
Language use  National language.
Language development  Ethnic Zahchin, Mingat, Bayad, Oold are literate in Halh. NT: 1990.
Writing system  Cyrillic script. Mongolian script, used prior to 1941 with a resurgence since the 1990s. Phags-pa script, no longer in use.
Comments  Traditionally pastoralists, now many industrialists.

Also spoken in:

Russian Federation (Asia)

Language name   Mongolian, Halh
Population  2,660 in Russian Federation. Ethnic population: 11,498.
Region  Buryat.
Language map  Western Asian Russia, reference number 12
Alternate names  Central Mongolian, Halh, Khalkha Mongolian, Mongol
Dialects  Khalkha (Halh), Dariganga, Urat, Ujumuchin.
Comments  Halh is basis for literary Mongolian. Buddhist.