Songhay, Koyra Chiini
A language of Mali
ISO 639-3: khq
||200,000 (1999 SIL), increasing.
||Niger River from Djenné to east of Timbuktu.
Mali, Enlarged Area
||Songai, Songay, Songhai, Songhay, Songhoy, Songoi, Songoy, Sonrai, Sonrhai, Timbuktu Songhoy, West Songhoy
||Koyra Chiini, Djenné Chiini. The main dialect division is between Timbuktu and the upriver towns from Diré to Niafunké. A very distinct dialect is in Djenné City. Closely related languages: Koyraboro Senni Songhay, Humburi Senni Songhay, Zarma, Dendi. Lexical similarity: 77% between Gao and Timbuktu dialects, 50% lexical similarity with Tadaksahak.
||Nilo-Saharan, Songhai, Southern
||All ages. Positive attitude. Timbuktu has more prestige than other West Songhoy dialects. In Timbuktu some also use French, Tamasheq [taq], or Arabic [mey]; In Djenné Most also use French, Bamanankan [bam], or other languages.
||Taught in primary schools. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1936.
||Kaado (Zarma dialect in Niger) is SOV, West Songhay SVO. Djenné Chiini phonology, lexicon, basic inflection almost identical to Koyra Chiini, but syntax (especially relativization and focalization) very different; Djenné has 7 vowels to 5 for Koyra Chinni (J. Heath); Kaado has 3 tones, West Songhay no tones. Muslim, traditional religion.