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Kirmanjki

A language of Turkey (Asia)

ISO 639-3kiu

Population  140,000 in Turkey.
Region  Tunceli Province, Tunceli Merkez, Hozat, Nazmiye, Pülümür, and Ovacik subprovinces; Erzincan Province, Erzincan and Cayirli subprovinces; Elazig Province, Elazig Merkez and Karakoqan subprovinces, 8 or more villages; Bingöl Province, Kigi and Karkiova subprovinces, 3 villages; Mush Province, Varto Subprovince, 46 villages; Sivas Province, Zara, Imranli, Kangal, and Divrigi subprovinces, 15 or more villages; Erzerum Province, Hinis and Tekman subprovinces, 11 or more villages; many major cities. Also in Austria, Denmark, France, Germany, Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom.
Alternate names   Alevica, Dersimki, Dimilki, Northern Zaza, So-Bê, Zaza, Zazaki, Zonê Ma
Dialects  Tunceli, Varto. Most similar to Dimli [diq]. Lexical similarity: 70% with Dimli.
Classification  Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Zaza-Gorani
A member of macrolanguage Zaza [zza] (Turkey (Asia)).
Language use  Some Kurmanji know Kirmanjki as L2. Abroad, they use Kirmanjki for close relationships. Home, community. All ages. Also use Turkish [tur].
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: School-age children to 30 years old, are literate in Turkish. Poetry. Magazines.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  SOV; pre- and postpositions; genitives, articles, adjectives relatives after noun heads; numerals before noun heads; question word replaces content word in content questions; 2 prefixes, 2 suffixes, word order distinguishes subject, object, indirect object; noun affixes indicate case; verb affixes indicate person, number, gender; ergativity; passives; causatives; comparatives; V, VC, VCC, CV, CVC, CVCC; nontonal. Pastoralists; peasant agriculturalists. Muslim (Alevi).
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