||18,700 in Nepal (2001 census).
||Sagarmatha zone, Solu Khumbu District, east hills, Hongu Valley, Mahakulung region, Hongu Khola area, Bumng (Bung), Pilmu, Cheskam Sadhi, Gudel, and Namlu villages; Koshi zone, Sankhuwasawa District, Baliyamnang, Phedi Khola, Wasepla, Mangtewa, Yaphu, Chayeng, Walung, and Sheduwa villages; Terhathum, Panchthar, Ilam districts. Mainly found in drainages of Sangkhuwa and Siswa rivers, which flow into Arun River. Also in some Terai areas. Also in India.
Eastern Nepal, reference number 52
||Kholung, Khulung, Khulunge Rai, Kulu Ring
||Sotang (Sotaring, Sottaring), Mahakulung, Tamachhang, Pidisoi, Chhapkoa, Pelmung, Namlung, Khambu. 100% intelligibility between Kulung and Sota Ring because only some words are pronounced differently. Related to Sampang [rav] and Nachering [ncd].
||Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Himalayish, Mahakiranti, Kiranti, Eastern
||Most also use some Nepali [nep].
||Literacy rate in L2: 10%–50% adults, 10% women. High motivation for literacy. Dictionary. Grammar.
||Exogamous clan marriage. The high number of Kulung reflect the tendency of smaller groups to consider themselves Kulung, but they are by origin not Kulung. The Kulung possibly absorb smaller groups. Case, ergative. Agriculturalists: millet, maize; hunters; fishermen. Traditional religion, Hindu, Buddhist.