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Dong, Southern

A language of China

ISO 639-3kmc

Population  1,000,000. 68% of 1,463,000 speak Southern Dong.
Region  Area where west Hunan and north Guangxi provinces meet, southeast Guizhou (Yuping Autonomous County); Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. 20 contiguous counties.
Language map  Southern China, reference number 37
Alternate names   Gam, Kam, Tong, Tung, Tung-Chia
Dialects  Similar to Mulam [mlm]. Lexical similarity: 93% with Southern Dong dialects, 71% with Northern Dong [doc], 46% with Lakkia [lbc], 29% with Qabiao [laq], 26% with Hlai [lic], 24% with Gelao [gio], 22% with Lachi [lbt], 6% with Hmong Djua [hnj], 4% with Iu Mien [ium].
Classification  Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Kam-Sui
Language use  Northern Dong [doc] users are more bilingual than Southern Dong. Use Mandarin [cmn] for literature. All domains. All ages. Neutral attitude. Northern Dong [doc] users are more bilingual than Southern Dong. Use Mandarin for literature.
Language development  Magazines. Dictionary.
Comments  Part of Dong nationality. ‘Kam’ is their own name, ‘Dong’ is Chinese name. Traditional way of life is relatively undisturbed. Tonal, 9 tones. Agriculturalists: wet rice, rape, wheat, maize, tung oil, tea oil; forestry. Polytheist.