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Korean

A language of Korea, South

ISO 639-3kor

Population  42,000,000 in Korea, South (1986). Population total all countries: 66,305,890.
Region  Also in American Samoa, Australia, Bahrain, Belize, Brazil, Brunei, Canada, China, Germany, Guam, Japan, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Mauritania, Mongolia, Mozambique, New Zealand, Northern Mariana Islands, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Russian Federation (Asia), Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Suriname, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, United States, Uzbekistan.
Alternate names   Hanguk Mal, Hanguohua
Dialects  Seoul (Kangwondo, Kyonggido), Ch’ungch’ongdo (North Ch’ungch’ong, South Ch’ungch’ong), Kyongsangdo (North Kyongsangdo, South Kyongsangdo), Chollado (North Chollado, South Chollado), Cheju Island. Scholars differ as to whether or not Korean is related to Japanese. Some suggest that both languages are possibly distantly related to the Altaic group. Dialect boundaries generally correspond to provincial boundaries. Some dialects are not easily intelligible with others (Voegelin and Voegelin 1977). The suffix ‘-do’ on dialect names means ‘Province’. Comprehension of Standard Korean may be lower on Cheju Island.
Classification  Language isolate
Language use  National language.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 98% (1995 est.). Higher adult illiteracy is reported on Cheju Island. Fully developed. Bible: 1911–1993.
Writing system  Hangul script.
Comments  In 2000, the government adopted a new standard for romanization of Korean orthography. McCune-Reischauer system used previously. SOV. Buddhist, Christian.

Also spoken in:

China

Language name   Korean
Population  1,920,000 in China (2000 census). 1,200,000 monolinguals.
Region  Inner Mongolia. 46% in Hyanbian Korean Autonomous District along Tumen River, Jilin (Kirin); Heilongjiang; Liaoning.
Alternate names  Chaoxian
Language use  All domains. All ages. Positive attitude. Most also use Chinese [cmn]. A few also use Russian or Japanese.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 97%.
Comments  Classified as Korean (Chaoxian) nationality. Agriculturalists: wet rice; industrial workers; businessmen. Buddhist, Christian.
 

Japan

Language name   Korean
Population  670,000 in Japan (1988).
Language use  Also use Japanese.
Comments  Buddhist, Christian.
 

Korea, North

Language name   Korean
Population  20,000,000 in Korea, North (1986).
Dialects  Hamgyongdo (North Hamgyongdo, South Hamgyongdo), P’yong’ando (North P’yong’ando, South P’yong’ando), Hwanghaedo.
Language use  National language.
Comments  Buddhist-Confucianist, Christian.
 

Russian Federation (Asia)

Language name   Korean
Population  149,000 in Russian Federation (2002 census).
Language map  Eastern Asian Russia, reference number 18
 

Thailand

Language name   Korean
Region  Bangkok.
Comments  Buddhist, Christian.