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Krio

A language of Sierra Leone

ISO 639-3kri

Population  473,000 in Sierra Leone (1993). Population total all countries: 493,470.
Region  Freetown communities; on the Peninsula; Banana Islands, York Island; Bonthe. Also in Gambia, Guinea, Senegal, United States.
Language map  Sierra Leone, reference number 7
Alternate names   Creole, Patois
Dialects  Aku. Krio and Jamaican Creole [jam], and Krio and Sea Islands Creole [gul] may have some interintelligibility.
Classification  Creole, English based, Atlantic, Krio
Language use  Language of wider communication. Vigorous. More in provincial towns than villages, and for interethnic communication. Possibly half use Krio at work. Formal language for those who do not speak English. L2 users prefer indigenous languages for informal situations. Possibly 4,000,000 are L2 users (1987 F. Jones). All domains, education. All ages.
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: Less than 15% in English. Taught as an elective from primary to college level. NT: 1986–1992.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  L1 Krio speakers mainly descendants of repatriated slaves from Jamaica. Linguistic influence from Yoruba [yor] (I. Hancock 1987). Traditional religion, Christian.
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