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Luxembourgeois

A language of Luxembourg

ISO 639-3ltz

Population  250,000 in Luxembourg (1998). Population total all countries: 320,830.
Region  Also in Belgium, France, Germany, United States.
Alternate names   Frankish, Letzburgisch, L√ętzebuergesch, Luxembourgish, Luxemburgian, Luxemburgish, Moselle Franconian
Dialects  As distinct from Standard German as is Dutch [nld] (Stephens 1976); not inherently intelligible with it. A Moselle variety of Frankish-German origin, related to varieties of Mitteldeutsch of Belgium.
Classification  Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, West Middle German, Moselle Franconian
Language use  National language. Vigorous. The language of creativity for most. Modest amounts of literature. Perhaps 50,000 L2 speakers. All domains. All ages. Pride in ethnic identity and language. West and Central varieties considered more sophisticated; North more rural, peasant-like. Variety used by older Belgian-border inhabitants considered old fashioned and riddled with French words, but perfectly intelligible. German considered a foreign language, not used with others who speak Luxembourgeois. Also use English, French, or German.
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: 99% German, French. Written Luxembourgeois taught in schools. Letters often written in it. Newspapers. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 2000.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  SVO; prepositions; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives before noun heads; question word initial; 3 prefixes, 2 suffixes on a word; rigid word order; passives; nontonal. Christian.

Also spoken in:

Belgium

Language name   Luxembourgeois
Population  30,000 in Belgium (1998).
Region  Luxembourg Province, Arlon and Bastogne area.
Language map  Belgium, Luxembourg and Netherlands
Alternate names  Letzburgisch
 

France

Language name   Luxembourgeois
Population  40,000 in France (2001 J. Nousse).
Region  Moselle Department, Germany border to Luxembourg, Thionville.
Language map  Andorra and France
Alternate names  Frankish, Platt
Language use  The common language of French and German coal miners.
 

Germany

Language name   Luxembourgeois
Population  Few in Germany.
Region  West, Bitburg area.
Alternate names  Letzburgisch, L√ętzebuergesch, Luxemburgian, Moselle Franconian
 
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