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Malayalam

A language of India

ISO 639-3mal

Population  35,400,000 in India (1997). Population total all countries: 35,893,990.
Region  Kerala, Laccadive Islands, neighboring states. Also in Bahrain, Canada, Fiji, Israel, Malaysia (Peninsular), Qatar, Singapore, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States.
Alternate names   Alealum, Malayalani, Malayali, Malean, Maliyad, Mallealle, Mopla
Dialects  Malabar, Nagari-Malayalam, Malayalam, South Kerala, Central Kerala, North Kerala, Kayavar, Namboodiri, Moplah (Mapilla), Pulaya, Nasrani, Nayar, Kasargod. Caste and communal dialects: Namboodiri, Nayar, Moplah, Pulaya, Nasrani. Mapilla is among the most divergent dialects, differing considerably from literary Malayalam.
Classification  Dravidian, Southern, Tamil-Kannada, Tamil-Kodagu, Tamil-Malayalam, Malayalam
Language use  State language of Kerala. Cochin Jews in Kerala speak Malayalam.
Language development  Fully developed. Bible: 1841–2004.
Writing system  Arabic script. Malayalam script.
Comments  State language of Kerala and Lakshadweep. Saivite Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Jewish.

Also spoken in:

Singapore

Language name   Malayalam
Population  10,000 in Singapore. Ethnic population: 14,000 (1993).
Alternate names  Alealum, Malayal, Malayalani, Malean, Maliyad, Mallealle, Mopla
Comments  Christian.