Ethnologue.com home
Ethnologue > Web version > Country index > Asia > Indonesia (Maluku) > Malay, North Moluccan

Malay, North Moluccan

A language of Indonesia (Maluku)

ISO 639-3max

Population  700,000 (2001 SIL). 100,000 monolinguals.
Region  North Maluku, Halmahera, Sula, and Obi islands. Labuha neighborhood (Christian), and some other families with parents of different ethnic origins.
Language map  Indonesia, Northern Maluku
Alternate names   Ternate Malay
Dialects  Different meaning of particles from Manado Malay [xmm]. More similar to Manado Malay than to Ambonese Malay [abs].
Classification  Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Malayo-Sumbawan, North and East, Malayic, Malay, Trade, East Indonesian
A member of macrolanguage Malay [msa] (Malaysia).
Language use  Trade language. A few communities use it as L1. Used orally between speakers of different languages. 300,000 L2 users (2001 R. Whisler).
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. Bible portions: 2005–2007.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  Muslim, Christian.