ISO 639-3: mbf
||10,000 in Singapore (Pakir 1986). Ethnic population: 250,000 to 400,000 (1986).
||Mainly in the Katong District on the east coast and the surrounding districts of Geylang and Jao Chiat. Also in Malaysia (Peninsular).
||Baba, Chinese Malay, Straits Malay
||It developed since the 15th century from Low Malay with many Min Nan Chinese [nan] borrowings. Regional variants between Malacca and Singapore. Partially intelligible with Standard Malay [zsm]. It is generally believed that the Baba of Malaysia is more ‘refined’, and that of Singapore more ‘rough’. Most have learned Standard Malay and English in school. Lim (1981) and Holm (1989) treat it as a Malay-based creole. It is different from Peranakan Indonesian [pea].
||Creole, Malay based
||Mainly in the home. Mainly older adults. Some who grew up with Chinese neighbors know Min Nan Chinese [nan], Teochew dialect of Min Nan Chinese, and Cantonese [yue]. Children now learn Mandarin [cmn] in school rather than Standard Malay [zsm].
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