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Kim Mun

A language of China

ISO 639-3mji

Population  200,000 in China (Wang and Mao 1995). 61,000 in Hainan Province (2000 census). Population total all countries: 374,500.
Region  Yunnan Province, seventeen counties; Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, thirteen counties; Hainan Province, 7 counties. Also in Laos, Viet Nam.
Language maps  Southern China
Southwestern China
Alternate names   Chasan Yao, Gem Mun, Hainan Miao, Jim Mun, Jinmen, Kem Mun, Kimmun, Lan Tin, Lanten, Lowland Yao, Man Lantien, Men, Mun, Shanzi Yao
Dialects  Dao Quan Trang, Dao Ho. Not intelligible with Iu Mien [ium]. Lexical similarity: 78% with Iu Mien, 67% with Biao-Jiao Mien [bje], 59% with Dzao Min [bpn].
Classification  Hmong-Mien, Mienic, Mian-Jin
Language development  Dictionary.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  Part of Yao nationality, except on Hainan Island, who are included as Miao nationality. The largest Yao group after Iu Mien. Daoist.

Also spoken in:


Language name   Kim Mun
Population  4,500 in Laos (1995 L. Chazee).
Region  Northwest, Luang Namtha Province, Long, Namtha districts; Huay Sai Province; Nam Moh District, Udom Sai Province, Nam Moh District; Bokeo Province.
Alternate names  Jim Mun, Lan Tin, Lanten, Lowland Yao, Man Lan-Tien, Mun
Language use  Some also use Lahu [lhu], Iu Mien [ium], or Lao [lao].
Comments  Included in the Yao nationality in Laos. Daoist.

Viet Nam

Language name   Kim Mun
Population  170,000 in Viet Nam (1999 J. Edmondson).
Language maps  Northern Viet Nam, reference number 45
Northwestern Viet Nam, reference number 45
Alternate names  Coc Mun, Dao Ao Dai, Dao Lam Dinh, Dao Quan Trang, Dao Thanh Y, Great Tunic Yao, Jinmen, Lan Ten, Lanten, Lantin, Lowland Yao, “Man Lan-Tien” , Mun, Red Trouser Yao
Comments  Included in the Dao nationality. The variety at Lao Cai to the northwest of Lao City and Ha Giang at Na Khe village are very different phonetically.