||3,380,000 in China (1982). 2,500,000 are monolingual. Population includes 299,000 Chakhar, 317,000 Bairin, 1,347,000 Khorain, 593,00 Karachin, 123,000 Ordos, 34,000 Ejine.
||Inner Mongolia, Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang provinces, Urumchi to Hailar. Also in Mongolia.
||Inner Mongolian, Menggu, Monggol, Mongol, Southern-Eastern Mongolian
||Chahar (Chaha’er, Chakhar, Qahar), Ordos (E’erduosite), Tumut (Tumet), Shilingol (Ujumchin), Ulanchab (Urat, Mingan), Jo-Uda (Bairin, Balin, Naiman, Keshikten), Jostu (Ke’erqin, Kharchin, Kharachin, Kharchin-Tumut, Eastern Tumut), Jirim (Kalaqin, Khorchin, Jalait, Gorlos), Ejine. Largely intelligible with Halh Mongolian [khk], but there are phonological and important loanword differences.
||Altaic, Mongolic, Eastern, Oirat-Khalkha, Khalkha-Buriat, Mongolian Proper
A member of macrolanguage Mongolian [mon] (Mongolia).
||Official regional language. Language of wider communication. Vigorous. Chinese living in the area can also speak it. All domains. All ages. Positive attitude. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn]. About 70,000 can also speak Uyghur [uig] or Kazakh [kaz]. Written Chinese is in use.
||Literacy rate in L2: 71%. Taught in primary and secondary schools. Magazines. Newspapers. Radio programs. TV. Grammar. Bible: 2003.
||Mongolian script. Phags-pa script, no longer in use.
||In China classified as Mongolian nationality. The government includes China Buriat [bxu], Tuva [tyv], Kalmyk-Oirat [xal], and other varieties as Mongolian official nationality. In Xinjiang, Torgut, Oold, Korbet, and Hoshut peoples are known as the ‘Four tribes of Oirat’. SOV. Agriculturalists; pastoralists; animal husbandry. Buddhist (Lamaist), Shamanist.