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Thai, Northern

A language of Thailand

ISO 639-3nod

Population  6,000,000 in Thailand (1983 SIL). Population total all countries: 6,009,400.
Region  Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Lamphun, Lampang, Maehongson, Hot, Nan, Phayao, Phrae, Uttaradit, Tak provinces. Also in Laos.
Language map  Northern Thailand, reference number 31
Alternate names   Kam Mu’ang, Kammüang, Kammyang, Khon, Khon Meang, Khon Myang, La Nya, Lan Na, Lanatai, Lanna, Mu’ang, Mung, Myang, Northern Thai, Payap, Phayap, Phyap, Tai Nya, Tai Yon, Tai Yuan, Western Laotian, “Yuan”
Dialects  Nan, Bandu, Tai Wang. Nan dialect is more distinct.
Classification  Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Southwestern, East Central, Chiang Saeng
Language use  88% use Northern Thai in the home, 3% use Central Thai [tha], 10% use both. Also use some Central Thai.
Language development  Newspapers. NT: 1914.
Writing system  Lanna (Tai Tham) script, most are not literate in this Old Northern script. Thai script.
Comments  People are called Khon Mung. ‘Yuan’ is their term for Vietnamese. The name Phyap (Phayap) is Sanskrit for ‘north’. Buddhist.

Also spoken in:

Laos

Language name   Thai, Northern
Population  9,400 in Laos (2000).
Region  Haut Mekong and Sayaboury provinces.
Language map  Laos, reference number 40
Alternate names  Lan Na, Lanatai, Lanna, Lannatai, Muang, Myang, “Youanne” , “Youon” , “Yuan”
Dialects  Nan.