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Nung

A language of Viet Nam

ISO 639-3nut

Population  856,000 in Viet Nam (1999 census).
Region  Mainly Cao Bang, Lang Son provinces; also now in Ho Chi Minh City, Dong Nai, Lam Dong, and Dac Lac. Also in Australia, Canada, Laos, United States.
Language maps  Northern Viet Nam, reference number 62
Northwestern Viet Nam, reference number 62
Alternate names   Bu-Nong, Highland Nung, Nong, Tai Nung, Tay, Tày Nùng
Dialects  Xuòng, Giang, Nùng An, Nùng Phan Slình (Nùng Fan Slihng), Nùng Cháo, Nùng Lòi, Nùng Qúy Rin (Guiren), Khen Lài, Nùng Inh. Similar to Tày [tyc].
Classification  Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Central
Language use  Ethnic group members preserved the language and culture more than the Tày.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. Radio programs. Dictionary. Bible portions: 1971–1975.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  Different from Chinese Nung [yue](Cantonese) and Tibeto-Burman Nung [nun] (Nu). An official nationality.

Also spoken in:

Laos

Language name   Nung
Population  A few in Laos.
Alternate names  Nong
Comments  Different from Chinese Nung (Cantonese in Viet Nam) and Tibeto-Burman Nung.