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A language of Uganda

ISO 639-3nyn

Population  2,330,000 (2002 census). 141,668 Hororo, 1,643,193 Hima.
Region  Southwest, Bushenyi and Mbarara districts mainly; Kanungu, Ntungamo, and Rukungiri districts.
Language map  Uganda, reference number 24
Alternate names   Nkole, Nyankole, Runyankole, Ulunyankole, Ulunyankore
Dialects  Hororo, Hima. Hima may be a separate language. Lexical similarity: 78%–96% between Nyankore, Nyoro [nyo], and their dialects, 84%–94% with Chiga [cgg], 75%–86% with Tooro (Nyoro) [nyo], 81% with Zinza [zin], 78% with Nyambo [now], 74% with Haya [hay], 68% with Kerewe [ked].
Classification  Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, J, Nyoro-Ganda (J.10)
Language use  In Bushenyi and Mbarara districts. Vigorous. Positive attitude. Also use Chiga or English.
Language development  Taught in primary schools. Newspapers. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1964–1989.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  Standardization of the western languages (Nyankore-Chiga and Nyoro-Tooro) is called ‘Runyakitara’, and is taught at the University, but not the spoken language. Ethnic groups: Bahima, Bairu. Agriculturalists: millet, sweet potatoes, plantains, beans, peanuts, cassava, coffee, maize, sorghum; animal husbandry: goats, sheep, cattle; fishermen. Christian, Muslim.
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