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Omaha-Ponca

A language of United States

ISO 639-3oma

Population  85 (1986 SIL). 60 Omaha speakers (1993 V. Zeps): 25 fluent speakers over 60; a few semifluent speakers of Ponca. Omaha Journal Star (Aug 25, 2004) reported 70. Ethnic population: 365 Omaha and 163 Ponca (2000 US census).
Region  East Nebraska (Omaha), Omaha Reservation, north central Oklahoma (Ponca).
Language maps  Northern Central United States of America
Southeastern United States of America
Alternate names   Mahairi, Ponka, Ppankka, Umanhan
Dialects  Omaha, Ponca. Ponca and Omaha [oma] are completely mutually inherently intelligible, Similar to Osage [osa], Quapaw [qua], and Kansa [ksk].
Classification  Siouan, Siouan Proper, Central, Mississippi Valley, Dhegiha
Language use  Used formally for prayers, especially at funerals, for songs, powwow announcements, but usually translated into English for nonspeakers present. Mainly adults. Also use English.
Language development  Grammar.
Comments  Christian, Native American Church, Mormon, Baha’i.
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