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Tohono O’odham

A language of United States

ISO 639-3ood

Population  9,600 in United States (2000 census), decreasing. 181 monolinguals (1990 census). Ethnic population: 20,000 (1977 SIL).
Region  South central Arizona. 60 villages on 7 reservations. Also in Mexico.
Language map  Southwestern United States of America
Alternate names   Nebome, Nevome, O’odham, O’othham, Papago-Pima, Upper Piman
Dialects  Tohono O’odam (“Papago” ), Akimel O’odham (Pima).
Classification  Uto-Aztecan, Southern Uto-Aztecan, Sonoran, Tepiman
Language use  Vigorous in the west and south. Mainly adults.
Language development  From primary school on, schools on the Tohono O’Odham Nation teach the language. Grammar. NT: 1975.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  Different from Pima Bajo [pia] of Mexico.