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A language of China

ISO 639-3orh

Population  1,200 (2002 L. Whaley). 800 are monolingual. Ethnic population: 8,196 (2000 census).
Region  Heilongjiang Province, Hinggan Ling Prefecture, Tahe, Huma, Da, Xunke counties; Heihe Prefecture, Heihe City; Yichun Prefecture, Jiayin County; Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Oroqen and Butha banners of Hulun Buir League.
Language map  China
Alternate names   Elunchun, Olunchun, Orochon, Oronchon, Ulunchun
Dialects  Gankui, Heilongjiang Oroqen. Gankui in Inner Mongolia is the standard dialect.
Classification  Altaic, Tungusic, Northern, Evenki
Language use  Some Daur and Chinese people speak Oroqen as L2. All domains. Positive attitude. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn], Mongolian [mvf], Russian, Evenki [evn], or Daur [dta].
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: 97%. Radio programs.
Comments  In China classified as Oroqen (Elunchun) nationality. Maintain native language and customs. Came to China from the Russian Federation. Lumbermen; agriculturalists. Shamanist, traditional religion.
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