A language of China
ISO 639-3: orh
||1,200 (2002 L. Whaley). 800 are monolingual. Ethnic population: 8,196 (2000 census).
||Heilongjiang Province, Hinggan Ling Prefecture, Tahe, Huma, Da, Xunke counties; Heihe Prefecture, Heihe City; Yichun Prefecture, Jiayin County; Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Oroqen and Butha banners of Hulun Buir League.
||Elunchun, Olunchun, Orochon, Oronchon, Ulunchun
||Gankui, Heilongjiang Oroqen. Gankui in Inner Mongolia is the standard dialect.
||Altaic, Tungusic, Northern, Evenki
||Some Daur and Chinese people speak Oroqen as L2. All domains. Positive attitude. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn], Mongolian [mvf], Russian, Evenki [evn], or Daur [dta].
||Literacy rate in L2: 97%. Radio programs.
||In China classified as Oroqen (Elunchun) nationality. Maintain native language and customs. Came to China from the Russian Federation. Lumbermen; agriculturalists. Shamanist, traditional religion.