Ethnologue.com home
Ethnologue > Web version > Country index > Americas > Brazil > Tenharim

Tenharim

A language of Brazil

ISO 639-3pah

Population  790 (ISA 2000). ISA (2000) gives 585 Tenharim, 156 Parintintin, 50 Diahhoi.
Region  Amazonas. Diahói are on Rio Marmelos; Karipuna in Rondônia on Jaci Paraná River Post; Morerebi on Rio Preto and Marmelos. 2 villages.
Language map  Brazil, reference number 30
Alternate names   Kagwahiv, Kawaib, Tenharem, Tenharin
Dialects  Tenharim (Tenharem, Tenharin), Parintintín, Kagwahiv (Kawaib), Karipuna Jaci Paraná, Mialát, Diahói (Jahui, Giahoi). The Tenharim, Amundava [adw], Kayabi [kyz], Júma [jua], and Karipuná [kuq] all call themselves ’Kagwahiva’ (Kagwahibm, Kagwahiv, Kawahip, Kavahiva, Kawaib, Kagwahiph). These varieties along with Uru-eu-wau-wau [urz] and Morerebi [xmo] are all linguistically very similar.
Classification  Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Subgroup VI
Language use  Also use Portuguese.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 10%–30%. Literacy rate in L2: 15%–25%. Grammar. NT: 1996.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  SVO. Fishermen; gatherers; agriculturalists.