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Paiute, Northern

A language of United States

ISO 639-3pao

Population  1,630 (1999 SIL), decreasing. US Census (2000) lists 25 Northern Paiute, 1,430 Paiute. Ethnic population: 6,000 (1999 SIL).
Region  North Nevada and adjacent areas of Oregon, California, and Idaho. On about twenty reservations spread over 1610 square km.
Language maps  Northwestern United States of America
Southwestern United States of America
Alternate names   Paviotso
Dialects  Bannock, North Northern Paiute (Mcdermitt), South Northern Paiute (Yerington-Schurz). Related to Mono [mnr]. Most reservations have their own dialect. Dialects inherently intelligible.
Classification  Uto-Aztecan, Northern Uto-Aztecan, Numic, Western
Language use  Greatest use in McDermitt. Informal language programs in Owens Valley Paiute, language classes, written materials for Gidutikad band. Mainly adults.
Language development  NT: 1985.
Writing system  Latin script.