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A language of United States

ISO 639-3par

Population  20. Ethnic population: 100 (1998 J. McLaughlin).
Region  Southeast California, southern Owens Valley area around Owens Lake Coso Range, southwest of Darwin, and Little Lake area, southern Eureka Valley, southwest of Lida in Nevada, Saline Valley and eastern slopes of Inyo Mountains, Argus Range south of Darwin, northern Panamint Valley and Panamint Mountains north and central Death Valley, Grapevine Mountains and Funeral Range on California-Nevada border, west and southwest of Beatty, Nevada, Amargosa Desert, and area around Beatty.
Language map  Southwestern United States of America
Alternate names   Coso, Koso, Koso Shoshone, Panamint, Panamint Shoshone, Tümpisa Shoshoni
Dialects  Similar to Shoshoni [shh] and Comanche [com] but not inherently intelligible with them.
Classification  Uto-Aztecan, Northern Uto-Aztecan, Numic, Central
Language use  Only used among the oldest with each other. They lament the shift to English by younger people. Younger speakers attempting to revive interest in Timbisha among the younger generations, but with little success. Older adults. English used in nearly all situations.
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: 90%. Grammar.
Comments  Nearly extinct.
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