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Pashto, Southern

A language of Pakistan

ISO 639-3pbt

Population  1,360,000 in Pakistan (2000). Population total all countries: 2,680,100.
Region  Balochistan, Quetta area. Also in Afghanistan, Iran, Tajikistan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom.
Language map  Southern Pakistan
Alternate names   Pashtu, Pushto, Pushtu, Quetta-Kandahar Pashto
Dialects  Southeastern Pashto, Quetta Pashto. Lexical similarity: 80% between northern and southern varieties of Pashto.
Classification  Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Southeastern, Pashto
A member of macrolanguage Pushto [pus] (Pakistan).
Language use  Some Pashto educated in Urdu [urd] medium schools mix the languages.
Language development  Grammar.
Writing system  Arabic script.
Comments  Muslim.

Also spoken in:

Afghanistan

Language name   Pashto, Southern
Population  1,090,000 in Afghanistan (2000). 8,000,000 all Pashto in Afghanistan.
Region  Kandahar area.
Language map  Afghanistan, reference number 16
Dialects  Southwestern Pashto, Kandahar Pashto (Qandahar Pashto).
Language use  National language. Afghan government has worked since 1930s to standardize and publicize it.
Comments  Muslim.
 

Iran

Language name   Pashto, Southern
Population  113,000 in Iran (1993). Population does not include refugees.
Region  Khorasan on Afghanistan border east of Qa’en.
Alternate names  “Afghani” , Paktu, Pashtu
Language use  Also use Western Farsi [pes].
Comments  Different from Northern Pashto [pbu] of Pakistan and India. Laborers. Muslim (Sunni).
 

Tajikistan

Language name   Pashto, Southern
Population  4,000 in Tajikistan (1970).
Language map  Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan
 

United Arab Emirates

Language name   Pashto, Southern
Population  26,100 in United Arab Emirates (2000).
Alternate names  Afghan, Pakhtoo, Pakhtu, Paktu
Comments  Came from Afghanistan. Unskilled laborers; drivers; shopkeepers. Muslim (Sunni).