Ethnologue.com home
Ethnologue > Web version > Country index > Europe > Romania > Romanian

Romanian

A language of Romania

ISO 639-3ron

Population  19,700,000 in Romania (2002 census). Population total all countries: 23,351,080.
Region  Moldavian in Moldova northeast; Muntenian in Muntenia, or Wallachia southeast; other dialects north and west, including Transylvania. Also in Australia, Azerbaijan, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Mozambique, Russian Federation (Europe), Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United States, Uzbekistan.
Alternate names   Daco-Rumanian, Moldavian, Rumanian
Dialects  Moldavian, Muntenian (Walachian), Transylvanian, Banat, Bayash. Little dialect variation. Bayash are Gypsies whose dialect is based on Banat, but influenced by Romani [rmn] and Hungarian [hun]. Lexical similarity: 77% with Italian, 75% with French, 74% with Sardinian [sdn], 73% with Catalan [cat], 72% with Portuguese and Rheto-Romance [roh], 71% with Spanish.
Classification  Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern
Language use  Official language.
Language development  Fully developed. Bible: 1688–1989.
Writing system  Cyrillic script, no longer in use. Latin script.
Comments  SVO. Peasant agriculturalists. Christian.

Also spoken in:

Hungary

Language name   Romanian
Population  8,480 in Hungary (2001 census). Ethnic population: 9,162.
Region  East; Budapest.
Alternate names  Daco-Romanian, Moldavian, Rumanian
Dialects  Boyash Romanian.
Language development  Taught in primary and secondary schools.
Comments  Substantial literature.
 

Israel

Language name   Romanian
Population  250,000 in Israel (1993 Statistical Abstract of Israel).
Language use  Also use Hebrew [heb].
Comments  Jewish.
 

Moldova

Language name   Romanian
Population  2,660,000 in Moldova (1979 census).
Region  Widespead.
Alternate names  Moldavan, Roumanian, Rumanian
Dialects  Moldavan (Moldovian, Moldovean), Muntenian (Walachian, Muntean), Banat, Bayash, Chrishana, Maramuresh, Oltenia-Lesser Wallachia (Oltean).
Language use  Official language. Many Gypsies in Moldova and southern Ukraine speak Moldavan dialect as L1.
Comments  Called ‘Moldavan’ in Moldova. Christian.
 

Serbia

Language name   Romanian
Population  250,000 in Serbia (1995 Iosif Bena).
Region  Vojvodine; Timoc Valley.
Alternate names  Daco-Rumanian, Moldavian, Rumanian
Language use  Official language.
 

Ukraine

Language name   Romanian
Population  250,000 in Ukraine (2004).
Language map  Ukraine
Alternate names  Daco-Romanian, Moldavian, Rumanian