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Selkup

A language of Russian Federation (Asia)

ISO 639-3sel

Population  1,640. Ethnic population: 4,249.
Region  Tomskaya Oblast, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District, Krasnoyarski Krai, and Tomskaya Oblast. Northern dialect in Krasnoselkup region, Ratta, Krasnoselkupskaya, Tolka, and Krasnoselkup villages, Kiki-Akki and Sidorovsk; Purovsk region, Tolka Purovskaya village; adjacent regions of Krasnoyarski Krai, Farkovo; Turukhan River basin and Baikha. Southern dialect in north Tomskaya Oblasta, range of villages.
Language map  Western Asian Russia, reference number 34
Alternate names   Ostyak Samoyed, Shöl Khumyt, Northern Selkups, Chumyl’ Khumyt, Central Selkups, Syusugulla, Shösh Gulla
Dialects  Taz (Northern Sel’kup, Tazov-Baishyan), Tym (Central Selk’up, Kety), Narym (Central Sel’kup), Srednyaya Ob-Ket (Southern Sel’kup). Dialect continuum with difficult or impossible intelligibility between extremes. Southern speakers separated geographically from others. Northern Selkup literature not usable by Southern and Central.
Classification  Uralic, Samoyed
Language use  Formerly used as lingua franca by Ket, Evenki, Nenets, and Khanty. Northern dialect spoken by 90% of people, but not mastered by young adults and children. Southern dialect spoken by 30%; 10–15 adults, all over 70, speak fluently. Positive attitude among Northern Selkups, neutral among Central and Southern Selkups. Also use Russian.
Language development  Northern dialect taught in schools through fourth grade. Grammar.
Writing system  Cyrillic script.
Comments  Shamanist.
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