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Sinhala

A language of Sri Lanka

ISO 639-3sin

Population  15,500,000 in Sri Lanka (2007). Population total all countries: 15,568,750.
Region  Widespread in Sri Lanka except some districts in the north, east, and center. Also in Canada, Libya, Maldives, Singapore, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, United States.
Language map  Sri Lanka
Alternate names   Cingalese, Singhala, Singhalese, Sinhalese
Dialects  Rodiya. There is a great difference between the literary and the colloquial language. The Rodiya dialect is spoken by low caste Rodiya people.
Classification  Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Sinhalese-Maldivian
Language use  Official language. National language. 2,000,000 L2 speakers (1997).
Language development  Fully developed. Bible: 1823–1982.
Writing system  Sinhala script.
Comments  SOV; 7 long vowels, 7 short vowels, 24 consonants, including 4 which are prenasalized; gender, number, and case agreement between subject and verb in literary Sinhala. Buddhist, Christian.

Also spoken in:

Singapore

Language name   Sinhala
Population  850 in Singapore (1987). Ethnic population: 12,000 (1993).
Alternate names  Chingalese, Singhalese, Sinhalese
Comments  A great difference between the literary and colloquial language. Buddhist.
 
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