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Epena

A language of Colombia

ISO 639-3sja

Population  3,500 in Colombia (2004), increasing. Population total all countries: 3,550.
Region  South Pacific coast, Caucá, Nariño, Chocó departments. Also in Ecuador, Panama.
Language map  Northern Colombia
Alternate names   Cholo, Embera, Emberá-Saija, Epená Saija, Saija, Southern, Southern Empera
Dialects  Basurudó.
Classification  Choco, Embera, Southern
Language use  Vigorous. Home, religion, fiestas, ceremonies, commerce. Positive attitude. All also use Spanish; some also use Woun Meu [noa].
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 25%–50%. 400 readers, 50 can write. Movement toward using the language in primary schools. Grammar. NT: 2005.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  SOV. Fishermen; lumbermen; agriculturalists. Traditional religion, Christian.

Also spoken in:

Ecuador

Language name   Epena
Population  50 in Ecuador (2000 N. Wiebe).
Region  Town of Borbón. Northern Pacific Coast.
Language map  Ecuador, reference number 9
Alternate names  Cholo, Emberá-Saija, Epená, Epéna Pedée, Epená Saija, Saija, Southern Embera, Southern Empera
Dialects  Basurudo.
 

Panama

Language name   Epena
Region  Southeastern Panama.
Language map  Panama
Alternate names  Cholo, Embera, Emberá-Saija, Epéna Pedée, Epena Saija, Saija, Southern, Southern Empera
Dialects  Basurudo.
Comments  Fishermen; agriculturalists.