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Spanish

A language of Spain

ISO 639-3spa

Population  28,200,000 in Spain (1986). Population total all countries: 328,518,810.
Region  Central, south; Canary Islands. Also in Andorra, Anguilla, Argentina, Aruba, Australia, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Cayman Islands, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Jamaica, Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Sweden, Switzerland, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, U.S. Virgin Islands, Uruguay, Venezuela.
Language map  Portugal and Spain
Alternate names   Castellano, Castilian, Español
Dialects  Andalusian (Andalú, Andaluz, Andalusí), Aragonese, Murcian, Navarrese, Castilian, Canary Islands Spanish (Isleño), American Spanish (Chicano), Silbo Gomero. Leonese has similarities to Asturian, and may be extinct. Lexical similarity: 89% with Portuguese, 85% with Catalan [cat], 82% with Italian, 76% with Sardinian [src], 75% with French, 74% with Ladin [lld], 71% with Romanian [ron].
Classification  Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian
Language use  Official language. 60,000,000 L2 speakers.
Language development  Fully developed. Bible: 1553–2000.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  The Aragonese dialect of Spanish different from Aragonese language [arg]. Silbo Gomero whistled variety of Spanish used in the Canary Islands. SVO; prepositions; genitives, relatives after noun heads; articles, numerals before noun heads; adjectives before or after noun heads depending on whether it is evaluative or descriptive; question word initial; (C(C))V(C); nontonal. Christian.

Also spoken in:

Andorra

Language name   Spanish
Population  24,600 in Andorra (1986).
Alternate names  Castilian
Language use  National language.
 

Argentina

Language name   Spanish
Population  33,000,000 in Argentina (1995).
Dialects  Portuñol, Portunhol, Rioplatense, Lunfardo.
Language use  Official language.
 

Belize

Language name   Spanish
Population  101,000 in Belize (2006).
Region  Northern and western districts; scattered throughout the country.
Language map  Belize
Alternate names  Castellano, Español
 

Bolivia

Language name   Spanish
Population  3,480,000 in Bolivia (1995).
Dialects  Afro-Yungueño (Black Spanish).
Language use  Official language.
 

Chile

Language name   Spanish
Population  13,800,000 in Chile (1995). 25% Spanish, 66% mestizo.
Alternate names  Castellano, Español
Language use  National language.
 

Colombia

Language name   Spanish
Population  34,000,000 in Colombia (1995).
Language use  National language.
 

Costa Rica

Language name   Spanish
Population  3,300,000 in Costa Rica (1995).
Alternate names  Castellano, Español
Language use  Official language.
 

Cuba

Language name   Spanish
Population  10,000,000 in Cuba (1995).
Language use  National language.
 

Dominican Republic

Language name   Spanish
Population  6,890,000 in Dominican Republic (1995).
Language use  National language.
 

Ecuador

Language name   Spanish
Population  9,500,000 in Ecuador (1995).
Alternate names  Castellano, Español
Language use  Official language.
Comments  Christian.
 

El Salvador

Language name   Spanish
Population  5,900,000 in El Salvador (1995).
Alternate names  Castellano, Español
Language use  National language.
 

Equatorial Guinea

Language name   Spanish
Population  11,500 in Equatorial Guinea (Johnstone 1993).
Region  Mainly Biombo Island.
Language use  Official language.
 

France

Language name   Spanish
Language map 
Alternate names  Castillan
 

Gibraltar

Language name   Spanish
 

Guatemala

Language name   Spanish
Population  4,670,000 in Guatemala (1995).
Alternate names  Castellano, Español
Language use  National language.
 

Honduras

Language name   Spanish
Population  5,600,000 in Honduras (1996).
Alternate names  Castellano, Español
Language use  National language.
 

Mexico

Language name   Spanish
Population  86,200,000 in Mexico (1995).
Alternate names  Castellano, Español
Language use  National language.
Comments  Whistle speech reported.
 

Morocco

Language name   Spanish
Population  20,000 in Morocco (Johnstone 1993).
Region  North coast scattered.
 

Nicaragua

Language name   Spanish
Population  4,350,000 in Nicaragua (1995).
Alternate names  Castellano, Español
Language use  Official language.
 

Panama

Language name   Spanish
Population  2,100,000 in Panama (1995).
Region  Enclaves.
Alternate names  Castellano, Español
Language use  Official language.
 

Paraguay

Language name   Spanish
Population  187,000 in Paraguay (2000 WCD).
Region  Mainly Asunción, urban areas.
Language use  Official language. Used in education and government.
 

Peru

Language name   Spanish
Population  20,000,000 in Peru (1995).
Alternate names  Castellano, Español
Language use  Official language.
 

Philippines

Language name   Spanish
Population  2,660 in Philippines (1990 census).
Region  Mainly in Manila.
Language use  Formerly the official language. Used by a few families as L1.
Comments  Christian.
 

Puerto Rico

Language name   Spanish
Population  3,440,000 in Puerto Rico (1996).
Language use  National language.
Comments  Some dialects considered archaic.
 

Trinidad and Tobago

Language name   Spanish
Population  4,100 in Trinidad and Tobago (2004).
Region  Southern peninsula, fishing villages.
Language use  Many second-language users only. Frequent contact with Venezuelan fishing communities that lie 9 miles off the coast of Trinidad.
 

United States

Language name   Spanish
Population  28,100,000 in United States (2000 census).
Region  Widespread. San Antonio, Texas to Los Angeles; Denver; New Orleans, Miami, Florida area; New York City; Illinois.
Alternate names  Castellano, Español
Dialects  Chicano (Caló), Isleno (Isleño, Islenyo).
Language use  Official status in New Mexico.
Comments  Population has increased 61% or more since 1970. About 40,000 Islenos in New Orleans speak Islano, a distinct variety of Canary Island Spanish, which may now face extinction due to the devastation of Hurricane Katrina.
 

Uruguay

Language name   Spanish
Population  3,000,000 in Uruguay (1995).
Dialects  Portuñol, Portunhol, Rioplatense, Lunfardo.
Language use  National language.
 

Venezuela

Language name   Spanish
Population  21,500,000 in Venezuela (1995).
Language use  Official language.