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Tiwa, Southern

A language of United States

ISO 639-3tix

Population  1,630 (1980 census), decreasing. 1,588 Isleta speakers (1980 US census). 43 Sandia (1990 US census) out of 220 population. US Census (2000) list 2,185 “Tiwa”. Ethnic population: 2,469 (1980 census) including 2,249 Isleta, 220 Sandia (1990 census).
Region  New Mexico, pueblos of Isleta and Sandia, north and south of Albuquerque.
Language map  Southwestern United States of America
Dialects  Sandia, Isleta (Isleta Pueblo).
Classification  Kiowa Tanoan, Tewa-Tiwa, Tiwa
Language use  Vigorous in a few families. Diminishing vigor at Isleta except among older adults. Attempt to reestablish use of Southern Tiwa at Sandia Pueblo and Ysleta del Sur, El Paso, Texas. Used for commerce on tribal land, traditional ceremonial life. Mostly older adults. Regret at apparent demise of the language. People are apprehensive about losing their culture if the language is not revived. Range from being fluent in English to low proficiency.
Language development  Bible portions: 1981–1987.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  Christian, traditional religion.
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