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Totonac, Xicotepec de Juárez

A language of Mexico

ISO 639-3too

Population  3,000 (2000 SIL). 500 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 13,733 (2000 WCD).
Region  Northeast Puebla, Xicotepec de Juárez, and Veracruz. 30 towns.
Language map  Western Central Mexico, reference number 64
Alternate names   Northern Totonac, Totonaco de Villa Juárez
Dialects  Zihuateutla Totonac. 87% intelligibility with Ozumatlán (most similar).
Classification  Totonacan, Totonac
Language use  Older adults use Totonac more than Spanish. Others use Spanish more than Totonac. Mainly adults. Negative language attitude. Possibly 200 can also speak some Tepehua, Nahuatl, Otomi.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 20%. Literacy rate in L2: 60%. NT: 1978.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  Young people must leave area for jobs. SVO, long words, affixes, clitics, nontonal. Peasant agriculturalists: coffee.