Ethnologue > Web version > Country index > Asia > Turkey (Asia) > Turoyo


A language of Turkey (Asia)

ISO 639-3tru

Population  3,000 in Turkey (1994 H. Mutzafi). Population total all countries: 84,000. Ethnic population: 50,000 to 70,000 (1994).
Region  Southeast, Mardin Province (originally). Also in Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Germany, Iraq, Lebanon, Netherlands, Sweden, Syria, United States.
Alternate names   Surayt, Süryani, Suryoyo, Syryoyo, Turani
Dialects  Midyat, Midin, Kfarze, ’Iwardo, Anhil, Raite. Related to Northeastern Aramaic varieties. Turoyo subdialects exhibit a cleavage between Town Turoyo (Midyat Turoyo), Village Turoyo, and Mixed (Village-Town) Turoyo. The latter is spoken mainly by younger generation outside Tur ’Abdin, the language’s original location, and is gaining ground throughout the Jacobite diaspora in other countries.
Classification  Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, Aramaic, Eastern, Central, Northwestern
Language use  All also use their national languages or local lingua francas, and some are multilingual.
Language development  Bible portions: 1983.
Writing system  Latin script. Syriac script.
Comments  Known among scholars almost exclusively as ‘Tûrôyo’. ‘Suryoyo’ is a popular name. ‘Western Syriac’ refers to the Classical Western Syriac liturgy and orthography used by Turoyo speakers. Christian (Jacobite).

Also spoken in:


Language name   Turoyo
Population  7,000 in Syria (1994). Ethnic population: 20,000 (1994).
Language map  Jordan and Syria
Alternate names  Surayt, Suryoyo, Syryoyo, Turani
Language use  Home. Western Syriac [syc] used in church, Arabic in schools and trade.
Comments  Religious capital is Damascus; formerly at Tur ’Abdin, Turkey. Christian (Jacobite).
Contact us