Ethnologue.com home
Ethnologue > Web version > Country index > Americas > United States > Tiwa, Northern

Tiwa, Northern

A language of United States

ISO 639-3twf

Population  930 (1980 census), decreasing. 803 Taos speakers, 101 Picuris (1990 census). Ethnic population: 1,166 (1980 census), including 1,042 Taos, 124 Picuris (1990 census).
Region  North central New Mexico.
Language map  Southwestern United States of America
Dialects  Taos, Picuris.
Classification  Kiowa Tanoan, Tewa-Tiwa, Tiwa
Language use  Vigorous at Taos. 67.3% Taos under 18 are speakers, 92.9% over 18 are speakers (1980 census). Older adults at Picuris. Most also use English.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. Bible portions: 1976–1992.
Writing system  Latin script.
Contact us