Ethnologue > Web version > Country index > Asia > Viet Nam > Tày


A language of Viet Nam

ISO 639-3tyz

Population  1,480,000 in Viet Nam (1999 census).
Region  Central and northeast, near the China border, Cao Bàng, Lang Son, Hà Giang, Tuye Quang, Bác Thái, Quang Ninh, Hà Bac, Lam Dòng provinces; some settled south in Tung Nghia and Song Mao. Possibly also in Laos. Also in France, United States.
Language maps  Northern Viet Nam, reference number 88
Northwestern Viet Nam, reference number 88
Alternate names   Ngan, Phen, T’o, Tai Tho, “Thô” , Thu Lao
Dialects  Central Tày, Eastern Tày, Southern Tày, Northern Tày, Tày Trung Khanh, Thu Lao, Tày Bao Lac. Similar to Nung [nut].
Classification  Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Central
Language use  Also use Vietnamese [vie].
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. Radio programs. Dictionary. Bible portions: 1938–1963.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  Traditional religion, Christian.