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Uzbek, Southern

A language of Afghanistan

ISO 639-3uzs

Population  1,400,000 in Afghanistan (WA 1991). Population total all countries: 1,451,980.
Region  North, Fariab Province, Maimana town. Possibly in Germany. Also in Pakistan, Turkey (Asia).
Language map  Afghanistan
Alternate names   Usbeki, Uzbak, Uzbeki
Dialects  Limited comprehension of Northern Uzbek [uzn]. Differences in grammar and loanwords from Western Farsi [pes].
Classification  Altaic, Turkic, Eastern
A member of macrolanguage Uzbek [uzb] (Uzbekistan).
Language use  City dwellers also use Dari [gbz]; village dwellers have limited ability in Dari. 20% use Dari as L2. Some also use Southern Pashto [pbt].
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 10%–30%. Literacy rate in L2: 15%–25% in Dari. Newspapers. Dictionary. Grammar.
Writing system  Arabic script.
Comments  Mainly settled agriculturalists; some nomads, some craftsmen: gold, jewels, pottery, leather. Muslim (Hanafi Sunni).

Also spoken in:

Turkey (Asia)

Language name   Uzbek, Southern
Population  1,980 in Turkey (1982).
Region  Hatay, Gaziantep, and Urfa provinces. Possibly also in Germany.
Comments  Refugees from Afghanistan; now Turkish citizens. Distinct from Northern Uzbek [uzn] of Uzbekistan and China. Muslim (Sunni).