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Malay, Standard

A language of Malaysia (Peninsular)

ISO 639-3zsm

Population  Some L1 speakers, but pervasive diglossia with local Malay varieties makes it difficult to estimate L1 population.
Region  Widespread Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, and Sarawak. Also in Brunei, Singapore.
Alternate names   Formal Malay, Malay, Malayu, Melayu, Melayu Baku
Dialects  Over 80% cognate with Indonesian.
Classification  Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Malayo-Sumbawan, North and East, Malayic, Malay
A member of macrolanguage Malay [msa] (Malaysia).
Language use  Official language. National language. Dominant medium of instruction through secondary education and in some tertiary institutions.
Language development  Fully developed. Bible: 1733–1996.
Comments  SVO.

Also spoken in:

Brunei

Language name   Malay, Standard
Alternate names  Formal Malay, Malay, Malayu, Melayu, Melayu Baku
Language use  Official language since 1959 with the signing of the constitution. Used only in formal domains, religion, government.
Language development  Taught through third grade; used in the classroom through the final year.
Comments  L2 only.
 

Singapore

Language name   Malay, Standard
Population  Few L1 speakers. L2 speakers include ethnic Malays and some others, particularly the older generation.
Alternate names  Formal Malay, Malay, Malayu, Melayu, Melayu Baku
Language use  Official language. Used as medium of instruction in some schools.
Comments  In Singapore, Standard Malay [zsm] exists in a diglossic relationship with Local Malay [zlm].